Q: Yesterday, Daniel Russel, US Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that China's purchases of coal from the DPRK and other economic activities create a lifeline that reduces the impact of global sanctions. What is your comment?
A: China is opposed to the DPRK developing nuclear weapons and committed to advancing Korean denuclearization. This position is consistent and clear. As a responsible country, China has been faithfully implementing DPRK-related resolutions of the UN Security Council in their entirety. Trade in coal and other minerals between China and the DPRK conforms to the provisions of relevant UN resolutions and Chinese laws and regulations.
It is not China that caused the Korean nuclear issue and holds the key to its settlement. What lies behind this issue is the DPRK and the US being at odds. The US should shoulder its due responsibilities, and play a constructive role in this regard. China, as it always does, will continue to make its own efforts towards resolving the Korean nuclear issue. We once again urge relevant parties to adopt a long-term perspective and work earnestly for the advancement of denuclearization and the realization of peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula.
Q: The IMF is going to release its World Economic Outlook next week. IMF Chief Christine Lagarde said on September 28 that China and India would continue to do relatively better, growing at around 6 percent and more than 7 percent, respectively. Brazil and Russia will begin to show signs of recovery. What does that mean for the BRICS Summit to be held next month in Goa, India?
A: The BRICS countries are important engines driving the world economic growth, a fact reinforced by the IMF's predictions. When the world economic recovery is feeble and unbalanced, the BRICS countries still boast great potential and a bright prospect for growth. There is so much to be expected. Their contributions to the world economy are indispensable.
When leaders of the BRICS countries meet for the 8th Summit in Goa, India in October, we hope that we can uphold the BRICS spirit of openness, inclusiveness, cooperation and win-win results, strengthen partnership, deepen practical cooperation, and make joint efforts to promote a strong, sustained and balanced economic growth and improve global governance.
Q: First, the US said that it will continue its investigations into Chinese companies suspected of violating trade sanctions on the DPRK. What is your comment? Second, what is your take on the security state of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)?
A: On your first question, first, China has been meticulously implementing DPRK-related resolutions of the UN Security Council in their entirety and fulfilling our international obligations with regard to non-proliferation. Efforts we have made are open for all to see.
Second, any misconduct by enterprises or individuals, once confirmed, will be punished in accordance with laws and regulations.
Third, we stand ready to have equal-footed cooperation with relevant countries on the basis of mutual respect, but we are opposed to other country exercisinging "long-arm jurisdiction" by enforcing its domestic laws on Chinese enterprises and individuals.
On your second question, the CPEC, as the consensus reached between the two governments, is of great importance to enhancing practical cooperation in trade, improving people's livelihood and promoting regional connectivity. It enjoys extensive support from both China and Pakistan.
China sets great store by the security of the corridor, and commends what Pakistan has done to secure the corridor and Chinese enterprises and citizens there. We believe that Pakistan will heighten precautions against security risks and continue to protect Chinese people working and projects undergoing in Pakistan.
Q: You just said that China will punish Chinese enterprises violating relevant UN Security Council resolutions and cooperate with relevant countries. Considering that the US accused some Chinese companies of violating relevant resolutions, is China willing to cooperate with the US or help the US investigate relevant companies?
A: As I just said, we stand ready to conduct equal-footed cooperation with relevant countries on the basis of mutual respect.
Q: Wang Jianlin said recently that China's property market is in the biggest bubble in history. Home prices in first- and second-tier cities are up more than 20% from last year. Do you think the housing prices in China are in a bubble? What are policymakers doing to keep prices from getting too high?
A: For this question, I would refer you to other departments in charge of this affair.
Q: It seems that Philippine President Duterte has come under fire from the US, the EU and some human rights groups for his harsh crackdown on drug crimes. Yesterday, President Duterte said that he has become the favorite whipping boy of the human rights groups all over the world. What is your comment?
A: Drugs are the common enemy faced by all mankind. Fighting drug crimes is a shared responsibility of all countries around the world. The Chinese government is resolute in cracking down on drug crimes. With clearly-defined policies and notable achievements, China is a staunch force in the international endeavor against drug crimes.
For a long time, the Chinese government has been playing a positive role in the international anti-drug campaign. Under the leadership of President Duterte, the new Philippine government enacted policies that prioritize combating drug-related crimes. China understands and supports that. We stand ready to have anti-drug cooperation with the Philippines and formulate a common action plan for it.
Q: First, two days ago, China and India held the first security dialogue on counter-terrorism. Media reports mentioned that the two countries are taking measures to strengthen cooperation in jointly dealing with security threats. What are the plans? Their discussions also covered international and regional situation. Did the India-Pakistan tension come up in the talks? Second, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) summit is being canceled because India, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh announced their boycott for the summit in light of the regional situation. What is your comment?
A: On your first question, during the China-India Counter-Terrorism Security Dialogue held on September 27, the two sides exchanged views on how to enhance counter-terrorism security cooperation and jointly meet security threats. Important consensus was reached. With regard to India-Pakistan tension, China is in touch with both India and Pakistan through various channels. We hope that they can carry out dialogues to properly resolve disputes and maintain regional peace and security. We have released information of this security dialogue.
On your second question, SAARC is an important mechanism for promoting cooperation and development of South Asia. China, as an observer state of SAARC, has been a long-term supporter of the SAARC cooperation process. We hope that SAARC will continue to move ahead and play a constructive role for regional peace, stability, prosperity and development.
Q: You said that China is in touch with both India and Pakistan through various channels. Did China prevail on the two sides to ramp down tension? Special envoys of Pakistan on the Kashmir issue yesterday visited China and met with senior officials of the Foreign Ministry. What messages has China conveyed to the Pakistani side on alleviating India-Pakistan tension?
A: On your first question, China is a friendly neighbor to India and Pakistan. China always hopes that India and Pakistan can properly resolve relevant disputes through dialogue and consultation, improve bilateral relations, strengthen all-round cooperation and jointly promote regional peace, stability, and development.
On your second question, on September 28, Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin met with Bakhtyar and Laleka, special envoys of Pakistan on the Kashmir issue. Vice Minister Liu Zhenmin listened to Pakistani envoys' briefings on the situation in Kashmir and Pakistan's standpoint, and emphasized that China has been following the Kashmir situation and takes seriously Pakistan's position on Kashmir. China believes that the Kashmir issue is a left-over from history which shall be resolved by relevant parties through dialogue and consultation. China hopes that Pakistan and India will strengthen channels for dialogue, properly handle their differences, improve bilateral relations and together protect the regional peace and stability.